Civil Rights

2009 Hate Crimes Report

The report is available for downloading in Adobe Acrobat format.

Executive Summary

This 2009 Hate Crimes in Florida Report, submitted in accordance with the 1989 Hate Crimes Reporting Act, contains data reported by individual local law enforcement agencies throughout Florida. These agencies reported the occurrence of hate crime incidents in 2009 under the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) information system. Currently, 401 agencies participate in the UCR system and this report is based solely on the information provided to FDLE by the reporting agencies.

Of the 401 participating agencies, 64 agencies reported hate crimes in 2009, a decrease from the 72 agencies that reported hate crimes the previous year. This year's total represents 15.9 percent of agencies that participate in the UCR reporting system.

Since 2005, Florida has seen a steady decline in the number of reported hate crimes. The 148 reported hate crimes in 2009 continues this trend and represents the lowest annual total since the Attorney General's Office began publishing its annual Hate Crimes Report. This report does not include unreported crimes or crimes that may be hate-related but are not classified as such by the local reporting agencies.

The report shows not only the number of hate crimes committed, but also the nature of the offenses. During 2009, hate crimes motivated by the victim's race represented 54.0 percent of all reported hate crimes, followed by religion at 14.2 percent; sexual orientation at 22.3 percent; and ethnicity/national origin at 9.5 percent. No hate crimes were reported under the categories of physical disability, mental disability or advanced age.

There are two categories of hate crime offenses: crimes against persons and crimes against property. Crimes against persons accounted for 71.6 percent of all incidents reported in 2009, up from 65.9 percent in 2008, while crimes against property accounted for the remaining 28.4 percent, down slightly from 34.1 percent in 2008.

Caution should be applied in interpreting this data and in drawing conclusions solely from information contained in this report, as variations may exist among law enforcement agencies in how hate crime data is gathered and reported.