2000 Hate Crimes Report
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This 2000 Hate Crimes in Florida Report, submitted in accordance with the 1989 Hate Crimes Reporting Act, contains data reported by individual county and local law enforcement agencies throughout Florida. These agencies reported the occurrence of hate crime incidents in 2000 under the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) information system. Currently, 400 agencies participate in the UCR system, and this Report is based solely upon the information provided to FDLE by the reporting agencies.
The 2000 Report includes data reported by 98 participating agencies, a 4 percent increase from the 94 that reported hate crimes the previous year. Approximately one-fourth of the 400 participating agencies reported hate crimes.
In 1999, a total of 307 hate crimes were reported. In 2000, some 269 hate crimes were reported, representing a decrease of 12.4 percent from the previous year. Although several factors, including variations in reporting methods, may have contributed to the decrease in the reported number of hate crime incidents, no single factor stands out to explain the decrease. One contributing factor may be the need for more specialized training in the detection, identification, investigation, and reporting of crimes motivated by hate.
Since 1994, this office has conducted hate crimes training seminars for state and local law enforcement agencies throughout Florida. To date, in excess of 2,000 law enforcement personnel from more than 200 jurisdictions have received this training. In fact, in just the first four months of 2001, this office trained 379 law enforcement officers, supervisors, detectives and investigators, and command staff.
The 269 reported hate crime offenses represent criminal behavior that has been defined, categorized, and codified in Florida Statutes. Even though the number of hate crimes reported is lower for 2000, the motivational patterns underlying the incidents remained consistent with previous years. For example, as in years past, race remains the most common motivation for hate crime, accounting for 57.6 percent of the number of incidents reported in 2000. The other motivational types included in the report are ethnicity 10.4 percent, religious beliefs 16.4 percent, and sexual orientation 15.2 percent. The total number of hate crimes based on race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and religion decreased in 2000, and a new category of mental/physical disability was reported in one incident.