1994 Hate Crimes Report
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Summary of Report's Findings
The 1994 Hate Crimes Report covers the period January 1, 1994, through December 31, 1994. The information was collected from local law enforcement agencies by FDLE's Division of Criminal Justice Information Systems, Special Services Bureau. The data was tabulated by FDLE and provided to the Office of the Attorney General, Division of Victim Services and Criminal Justice Programs, Bureau of Criminal Justice Programs, for summary and distribution.
Included in the report are excerpts from the Florida Department of Law Enforcement Hate Crime Report Manual and the hate crime statistical report form, a copy of the hate crimes statutes, and additional sources of information about hate crimes. (See Appendices 1B3.) The information is provided as a reference to help explain what constitutes various criminal offenses and when those offenses are deemed to be hate motivated.
1994 Report Executive Summary
This 1994 Hate Crimes in Florida report, submitted in accordance with the 1989 Hate Crimes Reporting Act, contains data derived from 69 agencies that reported hate crime incidents under the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) information system in the State of Florida.
While the incidence of reported hate crimes in Florida has remained generally level since 1990 (with the exception of 1992), there has been a noticeable downward trend in the number of incidents in recent years. The 1994 total of reported incidents was 231, down 5.7 percent from the previous year and 12.8 percent from the 1992 high. In the five years since reporting began, the number of reported hate crimes incidents has declined 10.5 percent.
Reported incidents represent events or actions involving an individual or group of individuals, occurring around the same time and having some relationship to each other. An incident may include one or more offenses. With the exception of 1992, the number of reported hate crime incidents has remained near 250 per year.
From the incidents reported, 283 criminal offenses were identified, representing criminal behavior that has been defined, categorized, and codified in Florida Statutes. Between 1990 and 1994, offenses averaged 303, except for 1992, when they increased to 395. In Florida, the most common hate crime offenses are aggravated and simple assault, intimidation, and vandalism. These four offenses constituted 96 percent of all hate crime offenses in Florida. Although hate crimes can be based on a number of different victim characteristics, by far the most common motivation in 1994 hate crime incidents was race/color, accounting for 70 percent of all reported hate crime offenses.